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12-Step Programs Essay

Twelve-Step Programs are fellowships for various types of problems adopted from the 12-step recovery philosophy initiated by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in 1939. These mutual support groups offer assistance...

Battered Child Syndrome Essay

Henry Kempe and his colleagues provided the first comprehensive description of child physical abuse in the seminal 1962 paper titled “The Battered-Child Syndrome.” According to Kempe, battered child...

Restraints, Mechanical Essay

In prisons and jails throughout the United States, mechanical restraints have arguably been critically instrumental in controlling general population inmates deemed a threat to the safety and wellbeing...

Self-Petitioning Process Essay

Self-petitioning is a process that allows a person to file for U.S. legal residence status on his or her own without the aid of his or her spouse....

Simple Assault Essay

Simple assault is a form of interpersonal violence that involves the use of force to inflict injury or the threat of force to cause harm. The incidence of...

Animal Rights, Welfare, and Abuse Essay

The issue of animal rights, including issues of their welfare and the need to protect them from abuse, first emerged as an ethical issue for criminal justice in...

Punking Essay

Punking is a practice of verbal and physical violence, humiliation, and shaming done in public by males to other males. First described by Debby Phillips in 2000, based...

Rotten Apple Corruption Essay

Rotten apple theory is an individualistic perspective of police corruption that views police deviance as the work of isolated individuals (“rotten apples”) who evade detection during the screening...

Sex Offenders in Jails or Prisons Essay

Many behaviors now treated as prosecutable sexual offenses were not always considered crimes. The legal concept of a sexual offender has evolved to include those whose victims are...

Socioeconomic Status, Offending, and Victimization Essay

Although many acts of violence are random events, there is a certain amount of patterning involved in who commits and who is victimized by violent crime. In particular,...