Rape Crisis Centers Essay

The first rape crisis centers emerged in the early 1970s out of recognition that rape was (and still is) very pervasive, as well as the realization that rape...

12-Step Programs Essay

Twelve-Step Programs are fellowships for various types of problems adopted from the 12-step recovery philosophy initiated by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) in 1939. These mutual support groups offer assistance...

Rape Kits Essay

Rape kits are sealed containers providing the necessary tools to collect and preserve physical evidence following a sexual assault. They are generally administered when the sexual assault took...

Rape Shield Laws Essay

Rape shield laws place limits on evidence and evidentiary testimony that can be admitted during rape trials. Rape shield laws specifically restrict the introduction of sexual history evidence...

Public Education Essay

The term public education refers to programs and activities on local, state, national, or international levels to disseminate information about interpersonal violence that raises awareness, challenges stereotypes and...

Public Policy Essay

All political  regimes,  past  and  present,  have adopted a system of laws and administrative rules designed to combat crime and violence and preserve public order. To accomplish these...

Public Shootings Essay

Generally, two factors constitute a public shooting. First, the incidence of a shooting must have occurred in a public setting such as a school, theater, courthouse, market, or...

Punishment Essay

Legal punishment is such a universal convention that few would envision its use as being morally problematic. Nevertheless, ethicists and/or moral philosophers would argue that punishment does require...

Punking Essay

Punking is a practice of verbal and physical violence, humiliation, and shaming done in public by males to other males. First described by Debby Phillips in 2000, based...

Racially Motivated Hate Crime Essay

To date, hate crime literature has tended to be very broad and nonspecific in its focus. That is, little scholarship devotes attention to specific categories of victims. Extant...