Rape Culture Essay

A rape culture is a systematic belief system supporting sexual violence throughout a particular society. A rape culture perpetuates norms of sexual aggression while lacking an understanding of...

Restraints, Mechanical Essay

In prisons and jails throughout the United States, mechanical restraints have arguably been critically instrumental in controlling general population inmates deemed a threat to the safety and wellbeing...

Retribution Essay

Retribution is one of the principal justifications of punishment, including legal punishment in the context of criminal justice. The core of a retributivist approach is the notion of...

Rape Trauma Syndrome Essay

Prior to the 1970s, rape was shrouded in secrecy and shame. It was during the late 1960s and 1970s when women began to meet in consciousness raising groups...

Rape/Sexual Assault Essay

The definition of rape has evolved over the past 30 years, largely in response to statutory rape reforms. Federal and state governments currently use definitions of rape that...

Rape/Sexual Assault Legislation Essay

There have been many reforms to the laws governing rape and sexual assault in recent decades. Prior to the 1970s, the definition of rape was quite narrow; the...

Reasonable Efforts Essay

Reasonable efforts is a term used in child welfare to describe the casework and treatment services required to prevent the removal of children from their parents or guardians...

Reasonableness Essay

Generally, reasonableness is a legal standard used to judge the appropriateness of an individual’s action or inaction in a particular set of circumstances. Judges or juries typically determine...

Reification Essay

Reification refers to the process by which something is made real, brought into existence, or concretized; that is, when an abstract idea or construct is made real as...

Religion and Violence Essay

Religion has been defined as a personal or institutionalized system grounded in the belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor...